The story of New York City is filled with stories of people who live longer than their parents and grandparents.
But what about its residents?
Is it the most livable city on the planet?
This infographic by New Scientist shows just how far a city has come since the first census in 1856.
It’s a story that we all need to hear, and it shows that the life expectancies of its residents have gone up dramatically in the past century.
What did we do?
The first census took place in 1854, and the results are fascinating.
In New York’s census of 1854 there were just under 1.4 million people.
By 1868, there were more than 12 million.
By 1880, there was 13.3 million.
In the year 1900, there would have been 12.8 million.
But in 1910, the number was nearly 16 million.
And in 1950, it was over 22 million.
It is the longest increase in population of any country on the globe.
By the end of the century, the city of New Yorkers had grown from less than a million to almost 16 million people, or a total population of more than 30 million people – a rise of almost four times the world’s population.
The city’s population had more than doubled between 1852 and 1900, with almost half of the growth coming from immigrants.
New York grew so rapidly because of immigrants.
And by 1900, immigrants were making up almost 40% of the population.
What was the biggest change in New York?
As the population of New England grew, so did the number of immigrants coming to New York.
In 1853, there weren’t more than 1,300 immigrants in New England.
By 1850, there had been more than 15,000.
In 1910, that number had more recently reached more than 21,000, and by 2000, it had nearly 22,000 immigrants in the city.
The population of the city also grew in other ways.
The number of people entering the country as a result of the war had also increased.
In 1840, there are estimated to have been about 4.5 million immigrants in America, and they accounted for almost one-third of the total number of Americans at the time of the first Census in 1852.
But by 1890, the census had estimated there were only about 5.6 million immigrants.
It was in the first decade of the twentieth century that the US Census Bureau began to expand its data collection to include people living abroad.
The data collected by the Census Bureau was not complete, but it provided a useful baseline of how the US population had changed over the previous century.
Over the next few decades, the numbers of people living in New Orleans and Los Angeles rose dramatically.
By 1910, there might have been more people living there than in New Jersey and Pennsylvania combined.
And during the 1920s, the US Department of Labor began a massive immigration programme to bring in more people from overseas.
It has become known as the Great Migration.
In 1940, there could have been as many as 40 million people in the US.
But today, there’s only around 6.7 million people living overseas, or less than 1% of all the people in America.
What happened to the people who left New York after the 1910 census?
Many people in New New York were very happy about what they had.
Many people who moved to New Jersey in the years 1910-1915 stayed and started families there.
But they didn’t stay long.
Many moved to other places in the country, including the states of Florida, New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
Some went to the US mainland and settled down in New Mexico.
Others stayed and did some other kinds of work.
By 1930, about a third of the people living on the mainland were people from New York, with the rest coming from other states, and even the city itself.
So what happened to those who left the city after the census in 1910?
A large number of them moved to the suburbs of New Orleans, and there they found employment in restaurants and saloons.
Others settled down with relatives or in their old homes in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and New York state.
Others moved to California.
Others went to Texas.
Others started small businesses in the cities of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Illinois.
Some stayed in New Britain, Connecticut, and Maine.
Some lived in the small towns and villages of western New York and northern Illinois.
And others moved to northern California.
Most moved to Florida, although the population there is about one third of that of New Hampshire.
Why were the numbers so high?
As a result, a number of factors were at play in bringing the number up to levels it is today.
In addition to the immigration of people from abroad, New York also had a large number at risk of becoming immigrants themselves.
The state’s population was growing rapidly.
At the time, the population was just over half of that in the USA as a whole.
The Great Migration was underway